Fink was originally intended to be a package manager that automates the download-patch-build-install-update-remove process of software packages on Mac OS/Darwin. It also provides the necessary tools (based on dpkg and APT) to use binary distributions (bindists for short) of packages in .deb format, thus relieving users from the time-consuming build stage. Fink will use bindists if the following line
is present in its configuration file, /sw/etc/fink.conf. There is also a command-line option, -b or –use-binary-dist, that instructs fink to use bindists in that particular execution.
Fink defaults to using its own bindist, which is mirrored throughout some servers around the world — the list of mirrors is stored in /sw/lib/fink/mirror/apt. Fink’s binary distribution contains binary .deb packages for softwares in the stable tree only. Furthermore, some licences restrict the distribution of binaries, thus not every package in stable has a respective .deb file available in Fink’s bindist. Creating an official, tested, and reliable binary distribution takes time, and the Fink Core team does not update their binary distribution that often.
Because of these shortcomings, and as Fink’s APT engine allows for using any number of bindists, some people have decided to provide unofficial binary distributions. Bear in mind that unofficial binary distributions are not supported by the Fink project. If you encounter problems with unofficial binary packages, please rebuild them from source before contacting the Fink project. Also bear in mind that the Fink project cannot vouch for the security of unofficial binaries.
The largest bindist is maintained by the Todai Fink team at the University of Tokyo, Japan. They have an automated build system that continuously builds binary packages using the unstable tree, targeting OS X 10.4 and OS X 10.5 on both Intel i386 and PowerPC, as well as OS X 10.3, which is no longer supported by Fink.
Another unofficial binary distribution is maintained by William G. Scott. As opposed to the Todai Fink team, William Scott has a few selected binary packages usually related to scientific computing, targeting OS 10.5 on Intel i386 and PowerPC, as well as OS 10.6. One notable difference between Todai’s and Scott’s bindists is that Scott provides GCC versions 4.3 and 4.4 — these are lengthy builds.
How does one add binary distributions to Fink’s APT engine? The file /sw/etc/apt/sources.list contains the list of APT sources/repositories. It is automatically managed by Fink for its basic operation, including the official binary distribution. You may modify it in order to add different (unofficial) binary distributions by inserting the following lines at the beginning or at the end of that file.
For OS X 10.6 on Intel, 64-bit Fink,
For OS X 10.6 on Intel, 32-bit Fink,
For OS X 10.5 on Intel, 32-bit Fink,
deb http://fink.sodan.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/apt/10.5 unstable main crypto
deb http://sage.ucsc.edu/fink_intel_10.5_only stable main crypto
deb http://sage.ucsc.edu/fink_intel_10.5_only unstable main crypto
For OS X 10.5 on PowerPC,
For OS X 10.4 on both Intel and PowerPC,
deb http://fink.sodan.ecc.u-tokyo.ac.jp/apt/10.4 unstable main crypto
Recall that Scott doesn’t provide binary packages for OS X 10.4, so Todai is your only option.
After having edited /sw/etc/apt/sources.list, you need to run the command
on the command line in a terminal window, or the equivalent menu option in Fink Commander. This tells Fink’s APT engine to parse /sw/etc/apt/sources.list and read the packages provided by the repositories listed in that file. After that, you’re done! Next time you install a Fink package, Fink is going to use prebuilt .deb binary packages in these unofficial distributions if they are available.
A word of advice: these unofficial bindists are great but they’re unofficial. I recently ran into a problem with KDE when I used one unofficial KDE binary package and built another KDE package locally. Rebuilding everything locally solved the issue. You’ve been warned! 🙂